Diabetes breakthrough as scientists discover five distinct types.

2 March 2018
The Express

Scientist have discovered five distinct types of diabetes, offering new hope for better treatments, it was announced yesterday. Traditionally, the killer disease has been split into two types by medics.

Type 1 is an auto-immune disease which cannot currently be cured. Type 2 on the other hand can be avoided by making lifestyle changes such as taking more exercise and eating a healthy diet.

However, in the new study, researchers found that separating adult-onset diabetes into five distinct different types – rather than just type 1 or type 2 – could help to better tailor early treatment for patients.

It would also represent a first step towards precision medicines in the disease,

Each of the five different types of the disease had different characteristics and were associated with different complications, illustrating the varied treatment needs of patients with diabetes.

Lead author of the new study Professor Leif Groop, of the Lund University Diabetes (LUDC), Sweden, and institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), Said: “Evidence suggests that early treatment for diabetes is crucial to prevent life-shortening complications.

“More accurately diagnosing diabetes could give us valuable insights into how it will develop over time, allowing us to predict and treat complication before they develop.

 

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